Room 5: From colony to mining town

The second half of the 20th century saw a continuous decline in activity due to falling prices in relation to costs. As a result, the concessions were abandoned and many workers were left unemployed and had to emigrate to other industrial centres or to the big capitals. In 1985, Pozo Guindo closed, bringing to an end a period of splendor that profoundly transformed the landscape and the people of La Carolina, its festivals and customs. This situation of destitution was partially alleviated with the implementation of the Jaén Plan in the early 1960s, which led to the industrialization of the district, which has been its main economic activity until now.