Room 2: Prehistory to Iberians
In this room we begin the tour through the history of the area in chronological order, going back to the first groups of humans who travelled through and inhabited these lands.
As the lithic materials exhibited in the showcase demonstrate, there is evidence of human presence since the Palaeolithic period (approximately 300,000 years BC), the first stone age in which they began to create tools and implements, developing the technique of stone carving. These nomadic tribes found shelter, hunting, wild fruits, wood and water sources for their sustenance in the mountain shelters. As they learnt to domesticate plants and animals, they moved down to the foothills of the sierra in search of land more suitable for cultivation. Hence, during the Neolithic period (between 6,800 and 3,000 B.C.), there were important settlements in the vicinity of the present-day town centre of La Carolina, such as: El Ochavo, El Minado, El Puntal, El Tinte and Cortijo de Amelia. There is an excellent collection of knives, arrowheads and axes from this period. The proliferation of different types of ceramics, as well as bone ornaments and idols.